View Controlled Recompose Script

This script performs a Controlled Recompose of a VMware View Linked Clone Pool of Virtual Desktops. It first identifies a free desktop and recomposes it to create the first Replica Desktop.

Note: If this first recompostion fails the script aborts assuming the creation of the Replica VM also failed.

After the recomposition of the first desktop, the script recomposes a specified number of additional free desktops to create a supply of recomposed systems. These desktops will be available for re-connecting users when the script next recomposes the remaining desktops in the pool, directing View to force logoff active users after the warning period specified in View Manager. An optional extra recompose can be run against the pool as the final step to provide a second attempt to recompose any desktops that may have failed.

During operation the script will abort after a specified number of timed out recompositions in a row (default 3). It will also immediately abort if it detects a View Composer error. The script can be configured to send Email Alerts to notify Administrators of both failed and successful script operations.

The script runs by default in interactive mode, prompting for required settings. It can also be run in unattended mode to support scheduled, automated maintenance.

Features

All features supported by the scripts are controlled by script parameters. See Instructions for information about the parameters.

Because of the requirements of VMware View Powershell Cmdlets, this script must be run on a View Connection Server within the View infrastructure containing the Pools to recompose.

The VMware vSphere Powershell Cmdlets are also required.

The script depends on WMI and must be able to query the desktops using WMI to determine if they are in use or not. This requires the firewall on the desktop to either be off, or the proper exceptions to its policy configured to allow WMI. There could also be firewall restrictions on the network between the Connection Server and the Desktops. WMI use can also be restricted by AD Group Policy Object (GPO) or even be turned off by disabling its Windows Services. So the first thing to check if the script cannot find free desktops to recompose is that WMI is working when queried from the Connection Server to each desktop.

Remove .txt extension (if any) of the script and copy it under any  script directory on the connection server. Run the command with the  “help” parameter to obtain detail command line option. It is recommended  that the user run powershell command as “Administrator”.
Recompose Parameters
These  parameters do not have default settings and are required to enable Unattended Mode. If not specified on the command line the script will  prompt for these (unless unattend mode is configured in which case the  script will abort).

  • Pool - Specifies the Pool to recompose
  • ParentVM - The full path to the Parent VM to use for the recomposition
  • NewSnapshot - The new snapshot to use for the Recomposition including full path.

Script Operation

These parameters impact the  operation of the recomposition and have defaults which can be overridden  on the command line. The defaults are located near the beginning of the  script under a corresponding comment heading.

  • RecomposeAtATime - The number of desktops to recompose at a time.
  • Current default setting: 2
  • Desktops2Prep  - The number of free desktops to prepare before recomposing active  desktops.      Ensures a supply of recomposed (ready) desktops are  available for reconnecting users.

Current default setting: 4

  • RecomposeTimeout - The amount of time in seconds before a recompose operations times out.
  • Current default setting: 1500
  • Timeouts2Abort - The number of timed out batches in a row before the script aborts.

Current default setting: 3

  • UnattendDelay  -  The amount of time the recomposition configuration summary is  displayed in unattend mode  before starting the process.

Current default  setting: 60

  • -ConnectionServer - The IP address OR fully qualified domain name of the View Connection Server.

Current default setting: 127.0.0.1

Special Setting: Unattend

Specify:  unattend on the command line to configure the script to run in  unattended mode. In this mode the script does not prompt for input  enabling it to be scheduled. If unattended mode is set, the recompose  parameters -Pool, -ParentVM and -NewSnapshot must also be specified on  the command line or the script will abort. Note: this setting does NOT  have a preceding hyphen (-).

Special Setting: ExtraRecomp

Use  the ExtraRecomp setting to direct the script to run an extra  recomposition against the entire pool as the final step. This will give  the system a second attempt to recompose any desktops that may have  timed out. Note: that this setting does NOT have a preceding hyphen (-).

Email Alerts

The  script can be configured to send email alerts by either specifying the  following parameters on the command line or by modifying the default  email settings at the beginning of the script. -EmailFrom, -EmailTo, and  -SMTPServer are required. If all three are configured the script will  enable itself to send email alerts.

The remaining settings are optional. By default -SMTPport is set to 25 and -UseSSL is disabled.

Required Email Settings

  • EmailFrom
  • EmailTo - multiple addresses can be separated by commas
  • SMTPServer

Optional Email Settings

  • -EmailUsername
  • EmailPassword
  • SMTPport - 25 is default. 587 is typically used for SSL
  • UseSSL - specify Y or 1 to enable. Default is disabled.

Script Colors

The colors used by the script can be modified.

  • -HighlightColor
  • TitleColor
  • WarningColor
  • AlertColor

The  following colors are supported by Powershell: Black, DarkBlue,  DarkGreen, DarkCyan, DarkRed, DarkMagenta,DarkYellow, Gray, DarkGray,  Blue, Green, Cyan, Red, Magenta, Yellow, White.

Examples

RecomposeScript.ps1  -pool HRPool-01 -newsnapshot /firstsnap/decemberupdates -parentvm  /datacenter/vm/VirtualDesktops/Win7Desk1 -RecomposeTimeout 1500 unattend

RecomposeScript.ps1  -RecomposeAtATime 8 -Desktops2Prep 40 -pool HRPool-01 -newsnapshot  /firstsnap/decemberupdates -parentvm  /datacenter/vm/VirtualDesktops/Win7Desk1 extrarecomp

RecomposeScript.ps1 -emailfrom recomposescript@mycompany.com -emailto admin@mycompany.com,operations@mycompany.com -usessl  1 -smtpport 587

Bug Fix in 1.1

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